South Sudan Rivals Sign Peace Agreement In Khartoum

KHARTUM, Aug. 4 (Xinhuane) — South Sudan`s warring parties will sign a final power-sharing and governance agreement in the Sudanese capital Khartoum on Sunday, Sudanese Foreign Minister Al-Dirdiri Mohamed Ahmed said Saturday. The minister said at a press conference that the parties would not sign a comprehensive peace agreement, with some South Sudanese opposition groups still expressing some reservations about the deal. As provided for in chapter XV of the Constitutional Declaration,** the High Peace Council addresses issues of comprehensive peace and continues the dialogue with all parties on issues essential to the successful implementation of the peace process. It also implements trust initiatives and develops public policies aimed at combating the roots of the problem in order to achieve a just peace. September 2011 – South Sudanese cabinet votes to call Ramciel – a planned city in the single state – a future capital. In a press release, the SPLM-N El Hilu yesterday criticized the statement of the High Peace Council* on its Monday meeting. Ammar Daldoum, spokesman for the rebels, said the High Peace Council had ignored contentious issues mentioned in the two agreements signed by Sudanese Prime Minister Abdallah Hamdok and El Hilu in Addis Ababa on September 3 and 4. The deal comes after two days of talks between President Salva Kiir and rebel leader Riek Machar, a former vice president. February 2011 – More than 100 people have died in clashes between security forces and rebels in Jonglei State, South Sudan. Fighting broke out near Abyei. South Sudanese mediators arrived in Khartoum yesterday to prepare for the signing ceremony of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement by the Sudanese government and the Sudan Revolutionary Front (SRF) rebel alliance on October 3 in Juba. The People`s Liberation Movement of North Sudan, led by Abdulaziz El Hilu (SPLM-N El Hilu), criticized the statements of Sudan`s High Peace Council.

1969 – A group of Socialist and Communist Sudanese military officers led by Colonel Jaafar Muhammad Numeiri takes power; Col Numeiri sketches the policy of autonomy for the South. Wednesday`s deal was greeted with cautious optimism by David Shearer, the head of the UN mission in South Sudan. “I want to assure everyone that Sudan will work hard and take all the steps we have taken in times of war and peace to ensure that this initiative is successful.” By signing this resurrected agreement, we should publicly acknowledge that this is only a step towards peace, but one that lays the foundation for all of the following,” he said. August 2015 – Despite “reservations” and under the threat of UN sanctions, President Salva Kiir signs an internationally negotiated peace agreement, according to which rebel leader Riek Machar will return as vice president. In accordance with the signed framework agreement, seen by the media, the two rivals agreed to allow the Khartoum government to secure oil fields in South Sudan, in coordination with the Juba government, and to rehabilitate the wells in order to restore the previous level of production. 1962 – The civil war, led by the South-separatist separatist movement Anya Nya, begins in the North. July 2005 – Former rebel leader John Garang is the first vice president to be sworn in. A new Sudanese constitution, which gives the South a high degree of autonomy, is signed. “We hope that discussions will remain open to those who are not yet convinced of the sustainability of this agreement.” January 2014 – A ceasefire is signed, but broken several times in the weeks that follow, and further talks in February cannot end the violence that has displaced more than a million people by April. They also said they would work together again for the third time, after their long disagreement proved difficult for peace and stability.

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