Nizam Agreement With British

In 1798, Nizam Khan (Asaf Jah II) was forced to enter into an agreement that placed Hyderabad under the protection of the British Kingdom. He was the first Indian prince to sign such an agreement. (The ruler of Hyderabad noted a salute of 23 guns during the time of British India.) The Crown reserved the right to intervene in the event of mismanagement. [14] Hyderabad`s Nizam, which had previously obtained a three-month extension to conclude new agreements with the Dominion of India, wrote to the Indian government on 18 September that it was ready to enter into an association agreement with India. But he said membership would cause unrest and bloodshed in the state. [7] On 11 October, Hyderabad sent a delegation to Delhi with a draft status quo agreement, described as “complex” by V. P. Menon, Secretary of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Minister of State Vallabhbhai Patel rejected any agreement that would not fully cede defence and foreign affairs matters to the Indian government. On the advice of Governor General Louis Mountbatten, Menon prepared a new draft treaty that was referred with the Hyderabad delegation. The Nizam Executive Council reviewed the agreement and approved it by six votes to three. Nizam agreed, but delayed the signing of the agreement.

[8] Soon, Endierals Nizam found himself under pressure from Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen (Ittehad), the Muslim nationalist party active in the state, and withdrew from the agreement. [8] On the morning of 27 October, Qasim Rizvi, the leader of Ittehad, organized a massive demonstration by several thousand activists to block the delegation`s withdrawal. He convinced Nizam that, as India was then linked to the defence of Kashmir, it did not exceed sufficient resources to put pressure on Hyderabad. He claimed that a Hyderabad princess could get a much more favorable deal. [9] Nizam then appointed a new delegation, dominated by members of the Executive Council opposed to the previous agreement. [10] Former Hyderabad bureaucrat Mohammed Hyder called the event the “October coup.” From that moment on, Qasim Rizvi began calling the gunfire in the Hyderabad administration. [11] The central question in this case was who, after the initial transfer, Nizam or Pakistan, had an advantageous right to the Fund. Wilfred Cantwell Smith says that Hyderabad was a territory where the political and social structure of medieval Muslim domination had remained more or less intact until modern times. [51] The last Nizam was considered the richest man in the world. [52] It was supported by a feudal aristocracy of 1,100, which owns 30% of the country, with about 4 million tenants. The state also owned 50% or more of the capital in all large companies, allowing Nizam to earn more profits and control their business. [53] But before that, Nizam deposited just over a million pounds into the London account of the Pakistani High Commissioner to Britain.

The Nizam family claims the money was used for guard there, but Pakistan says it is paying for weapons to defend Hyderabad in front of the Indian army. The new delegation obtained only trivial changes to the previous draft agreement. [12] It established that all subsequent agreements and administrative arrangements between the British Crown and Nizam would be maintained with the Indian government. These include defence, foreign affairs and communication (the three themes that are normally addressed in the accession instrument).

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